The Biggest Stocks and the Stories
S&P/TSX Composite, Canada
The S&P/TSX Composite Index is a Canadian stock index that comprises the largest companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) by market capitalization. It is administered by the Canadian Standard & Poor’s Committee and, along with the S & P / TSX 60, is the most important stock index in Toronto.
The index was founded on January 3, 1977 under the name TSE 300 Composite Index with a base value of 1,000 points and was calculated back to 1937 (daily rates) and 1914 (monthly rates).
S&P 500 USA
The S&P 500 is a stock index that tracks the stocks of 500 of the largest publicly traded US companies. The S&P 500 is weighted according to market capitalization and is one of the most highly regarded stock indices in the world.
In 1923 Standard Statistics published a weekly index of 233 stocks. In the following years this was constantly expanded. In the year Standard Statistics and Poor’s Publishing merged in 1941, the index consisted of 416 companies. The first daily published index appeared in 1926 with 90 stocks. On March 4, 1957, Standard & Poor’s founded the S&P 500 and calculated it back to 1928 (daily rates), to 1918 (weekly rates) and to 1789 (monthly rates). The years 1941 to 1943 were used as the base years for the calculation, with a starting value of ten index points.
The Bovespa Index is the leading share index in Brazil. It consists of 71 companies which represent around 70 percent of the total market capitalization of the São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo), the Brazilian stock exchange.
Brazil experienced strong inflation in the 1980s and 1990s, which was accompanied by nominal devaluation. In April 1990 the annual inflation rate reached a record 6,832 percent. As a result, a new currency, the real, was introduced on July 1, 1994 as part of a stabilization program, the Plano Real. The real was supposed to be devalued in a controlled manner against the US dollar (crawling peg), but it was still seen as nominally overvalued. Brazil thus recorded a significant current account deficit, which was financed by short-term capital flows.
FTSE 100 England
The FTSE 100 Index, or Financial Times Stock Exchange Index, is the UK’s main equity index. The abbreviation FTSE stands for Financial Times Stock Exchange. The FTSE 100 tracks the combined price development of the 100 largest and highest-turnover companies on the London Stock Exchange. It thus represents the market segment of the British standard values and is the leading index for the British stock market. He is determined by the FTSE Group, which emerged from a joint venture between the London Stock Exchange and the Financial Times.
The FTSE 100 Index was published for the first time on January 3, 1984 with a base value of 1,000 points and was calculated back to 1969. On March 4, 1987, the index closed above the 2,000 point mark for the first time. On October 20, 1987, the stock index suffered the largest daily loss in its history, at 12.22 percent. The reason was Black Monday on October 19, 1987 on the New York Stock Exchange, when the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted 22.6 percent.
CAC 40 France
CAC 40 is a leading French index of the 40 leading French public companies listed on the Paris Stock Exchange. CAC stands for Cotation Assistée en Continu (continuous notation). The index basis is 1,000.00 points as of December 31, 1987. In contrast to the DAX, it is a price index, dividends are not included in the index.
The CAC 40 was first published on December 31, 1987 with a base value of 1,000 points. The calculation was carried out back to 1969 (daily courses) and until 1965 (weekly courses).
IBEX 35 Spain
The IBEX 35 is a share index that includes the 35 most important Spanish companies.
The Spanish benchmark index IBEX 35 was introduced on January 14, 1992 and was calculated back to December 31, 1986 to a closing level of 2,201.00 points. The index base is 3,000 points as of December 31, 1989.
DAX 40 Germany
The DAX is the most important German share index. It currently measures the performance of the 40 largest and most liquid companies on the German stock market and represents around 80 percent of the market capitalization of listed stock corporations in Germany.
The DAX was developed jointly by the Working Group of German Stock Exchanges, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the Börsen-Zeitung. It was introduced on July 1, 1988 and continues the Börsen-Zeitung index, the history of which goes back to 1959. For December 31, 1987, it was normalized to 1,000 index points. Initially, the DAX was only seen as a supplement to the already established German stock indices, but has since left the other indices behind and is recognized nationally and internationally as the leading index for the German stock market.
EURO STOXX 50 Europe
The EURO STOXX 50 is an equity index made up of 50 large, listed companies in the euro area. It is considered to be one of the leading stock market barometers in Europe. It must be distinguished from the STOXX Europe 50, which also includes European companies outside the euro zone.
The EURO STOXX 50 was introduced on February 26, 1998 and is managed by STOXX Ltd. in Zurich. STOXX Ltd. is a Deutsche Börse company. On December 31, 1991, 1000 points were chosen as the index base. A backward calculation was carried out up to December 31, 1986.
Der Swiss Market Index (SMI) ist als Blue-Chip-Index der bedeutendste Aktienindex der Schweiz. Die Indexbasis liegt bei 1500 Punkten per 30. Juni 1988. Es handelt sich im Gegensatz zum DAX um einen Kursindex, Dividenden fliessen nicht in den Index ein.
Der Swiss Market Index (SMI) wurde am 1. Juli 1988 erstmals veröffentlicht. Meilensteine in der Entwicklung des SMI waren der 5. Oktober 1993, als der Index erstmals über der 2500-Punkte-Marke schloss und der 5. Mai 1997, als er den Handel zum ersten Mal über der Marke von 5000 Punkten beendete. In den folgenden Jahren markierte der Index weitere Rekordstände. Am 27. März 1998 schloss er erstmals über der 7500-Punkte-Marke. Bis zum 23. August 2000 stieg der SMI auf einem Schlussstand von 8377,00 Punkten.
The RTS index is one of two stock indices of the Russian stock exchange (MICEX-RTS) and comprises up to 50 of the largest listed companies in Russia. The index was introduced on September 1, 1995. The RTS index is the benchmark for Russian securities trading.
The RTS index started on September 1, 1995 with 100.00 points. On July 7, 1997, he passed the 500-point mark for the first time with a final score of 504.55 points. By October 6, 1997, the leading Russian index rose to 571.66 points. Since September 1995 the profit is 471.7 percent.
Nikkei 225 Japan
The Nikkei 225 is the leading Japanese index and the most important stock index in Asia. It is one of several indices of the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) newspaper to measure the development of the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is based on the prices of 225 public companies traded there.
The Nikkei 225 was first published on September 7, 1950 by the Tokyo Stock Exchange and was calculated back to 1949 (daily prices) and 1914 (monthly prices). Since July 1, 1971, the business newspaper Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) has been responsible for the daily calculation of the stock market barometer.
Shanghai Composite China
The SSE Composite Index is the most important share index in China excluding Hong Kong. It is a price index weighted according to market capitalization and comprises all stock corporations listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange.
In 1992, the State Council approved Deng Xiaoping’s desire to expand stock market experiments. The administratively imposed limits of five percent price change per day on the Shanghai Stock Exchange have been lifted. On May 21, 1992, the Shanghai Composite achieved the highest daily gain in history with 105.27 percent. By May 25, 1992 the index rose to 1,421.57 points. Since December 19, 1990 (closing score 99.98 points), the profit has been 1,321.9 percent.